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基因修饰病毒可杀死肝癌癌瘤

更新时间:2013年02月11日09:37:25    作者:战胜乙肝网    文章来源:《自然 医学》
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手机版地址:基因修饰病毒可杀死肝癌癌瘤

 

  美国科学家2月10日表示,他们在30例终末期肝癌患者中测试一种基因修饰的病毒JX-594,发现它能杀死肿瘤及抑制肿瘤增生,明显地延长病人寿命。研究论文发表在《自然 医学》杂志。  

  研究测试发现,16例接受大剂量治疗的患者,平均存活期达14.1个月;14例接受低剂量治疗的患者,存活期仅6.7个月。这是医学史上首次证明,基因修饰病毒能改善癌症病人的存活率。

  相关链接:Randomized dose-finding clinical trial of oncolytic immunotherapeutic vaccinia JX-594 in liver cancer 

  Randomized dose-finding clinical trial of oncolytic immunotherapeutic vaccinia JX-594 in liver cancer 
  abstract

  Oncolytic viruses and active immunotherapeutics have complementary mechanisms of action (MOA) that are both self amplifying in tumors, yet the impact of dose on subject outcome is unclear. JX-594 (Pexa-Vec) is an oncolytic and immunotherapeutic vaccinia virus. To determine the optimal JX-594 dose in subjects with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we conducted a randomized phase 2 dose-finding trial (n = 30). Radiologists infused low- or high-dose JX-594 into liver tumors (days 1, 15 and 29); infusions resulted in acute detectable intravascular JX-594 genomes. Objective intrahepatic Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST) (15%) and Choi (62%) response rates and intrahepatic disease control (50%) were equivalent in injected and distant noninjected tumors at both doses. JX-594 replication and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) expression preceded the induction of anticancer immunity. In contrast to tumor response rate and immune endpoints, subject survival duration was significantly related to dose (median survival of 14.1 months compared to 6.7 months on the high and low dose, respectively; hazard ratio 0.39; P = 0.020). JX-594 demonstrated oncolytic and immunotherapy MOA, tumor responses and dose-related survival in individuals with HCC.

Tags:基因修饰,JX-594,肝癌  
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