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湖南解除乙肝病毒携带者就业禁令

更新时间:2004年03月04日16:21:45    作者:战胜乙肝网    文章来源:中国日报
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手机版地址:湖南解除乙肝病毒携带者就业禁令


2004-03-04 07:23

  上周二在中国中部的湖南省政府,非传染性乙型肝炎病毒(HBV)携带者受雇于政府机构的禁令被解除。

  此举被视为一项全国性运动的一个重要里程碑,抗议对乙肝病毒携带者的歧视性招聘惯例。

  有一些例外,政府机构可以根据肝脏状况合法地拒绝应征者。

  湖南省政府人事部副主任杨春林周二表示,公务员聘用新修订的条例规定,非传染性乙肝病毒携带者,第一次被允许受雇于政府机构。

  具有讽刺意味的​是,就在同一天,周一超,一位被拒绝担任公职人员的乙肝病毒携带者,被执行死刑,因为他去年4月在中​​国东部的浙江省杀死了一名拒绝他申请的官员。

  周在去年1月通过了嘉兴市的公务员考试,排名非常靠前,但他的申请被拒绝,因为他体检显示乙肝阳性,他从来不知道他有。很多乙肝病毒携带者没有表现出任何症状。

  周感觉到不公正,一怒之下,他闯进招聘办公室,刺死一名官员,另一名官员严重受伤。

  如果周后一年后申请入职,这样的悲剧可能不会发生。今年早些时候,浙江省政府招聘公务员已对像周一样的非传染性乙肝病毒携带者打开门。

  非传染性乙肝病毒携带者是指那些不表现出任何症状的感染者,但他们的乙肝五项检测中有三项阳性。

  卫生专家说,他们携带的病毒处在一个相对稳定的状态,传染他人的可能性很小。

  统计数据显示,1.2亿中国人,相当于法国和英国人口总数,是慢性乙肝携带者。他们中的许多人没有出现任何症状,对他们的同事不构成威胁。

  卫生专家说,乙肝传播途径是通过体液交换,如污染的血液,无保护的性行为,共用针头,母婴接触感染。通过日常接触如握手是不会感染的。

  然而,数量巨大的乙肝病毒携带者,大约10%的中国人口,被排斥在就业之外,在社会生活中受到歧视。

  乙肝病毒携带者称自己为“HBVER”,并由病毒携带者建立了一个知名网站- www.hbver.com,其中超过20,000的“HBVERs”注册,呼吁保护他们的就业权和其他社会福利权益。

  “我有一个梦:有一天,我们HBVERs可以拥有同样的机会,像普通人一样学习、工作和生活,我希望这一天不会太远,”网站上一条消息这样说道。

  幸运的是,经过去年的SARS(严重急性呼吸系统综合症)疫情之后,中国开始更多地关注到艾滋病毒/艾滋病患者的困境和公众的健康,肝炎慢慢开始成为公众讨论的前沿问题,湖南的最新举措就是一个催化剂。

  乙型肝炎是一种无法治愈的疾病,但可用疫苗预防疫苗。中国政府正在加紧努力,通过新生儿免疫,逐渐减少人群整体受感染率。

Hunan lifts job ban on HBV carriers
(China Daily)
Updated: 2004-03-04 00:05

The ban on non-infectious hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers being employed by government agencies was lifted on Tuesday by the government of Hunan Province in Central China.

The move is regarded as a major milestone in a national movement fighting discriminatory hiring practices against HBV carriers.

With some exceptions, government agencies may legally reject candidates based on the condition of their livers.

Yang Chunlin, vice-director of the Personnel Department of the Hunan provincial government said on Tuesday that the newly revised regulation on civil service employment stipulates that non-infectious HBV carriers, for the first time, be allowed to be employed by government agencies.

Ironically, on the same day, Zhou Yichao, a HBV carrier who was rejected for a public servant's job, was executed in East China's Zhejiang Province because he killed an official who rejected his application in April last year.

Zhou passed a civil service exam in January last year in Jiaxing City and ranked among the very top; but his application was rejected because he tested positive for hepatitis B, a liver disease he never knew he had. Many HBV carriers do not show any symptoms of infection.

Feeling wronged and driven by anger, Zhou broke into the recruitment office, stabbed one official to death and seriously wounded another.

The tragedy might not have happened if Zhou had applied for the post a year later. The Zhejiang government opened the door to civil service recruitment to non-infectious HBV carriers, like Zhou, earlier this year.

Non-infectious HBV carriers refer to those who do not show any symptoms of infection but three of the five indices of their livers test positive.

Health experts say the virus in them is in a relatively stable state and there is little possibility of the carriers infecting others.

Statistics show that 120 million Chinese people, a number equivalent to the total population of France and Britain, are chronic carriers of the disease. Many of them show no symptoms and do not pose a threat to their co-workers.

Health experts say hepatitis B is spread through the exchange of bodily fluids, such as contaminated blood, unprotected sex, shared needles and infected-mother-to-newborn contact. It can't be contracted through casual contact such as shaking hands.

However, the huge group of HBV carriers, making up roughly 10 per cent of the Chinese population, are locked out of jobs and suffer discrimination in social life.

The HBV carriers call themselves as "HBVER" and there is a well-known website established by the virus carriers -- www.hbver.com, where more than 20,000 "HBVERs" have registered and call for protection of their rights to employment and other social benefits.

"I have a dream that one day we HBVERs may have the same opportunities as ordinary people to learn, to work and to live. I hope the day will not be far away," says a message at the website.

Fortunately, as China begins to pay more attention to the plight of HIV/AIDS patients and public health in general after last year's SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) outbreak, hepatitis is starting to inch towards the forefront of public debate and the latest move in Hunan is a catalyst.

Hepatitis B is incurable but preventable with a vaccine. The Chinese Government is stepping up efforts to immunize newborns and gradually reduce the overall infected population.

http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2004-03/04/content_311464.htm

Tags:湖南,就业,HBVER  
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